Standards supporting the exchange of traffic management information have existed for some time. The CEN 16157 DATEX II family of standards have been used widely across Europe in an inter-urban and strategic road network environment.
There are a variety of means to manage the road network and address traffic congestion and traffic disruption (e.g. planned/unplanned events, accidents, floods, fires, etc.) through traffic management in an efficient and innovative manner. For instance, a number of cities put in place different types of traffic re-routing, traffic prioritisation and access regulation measures, including intersection management, targeting all or a subset of vehicles (e.g. deviations, priority lanes, green waves, road user charging or tolling, low emission zones, low speed zones and pedestrian zones). Unfortunately, these measures are not necessarily managed in a holistic and coordinated manner and often not correctly taken into account in the outputs from traffic information systems towards users (e.g. navigation devices). Therefore, establishing on one side coherent specifications, compatible standards and practical interfaces supporting the interoperability of data necessary for up-to-date traffic information, and optimising on another side a variety of traffic management and prioritisation measures, rightly supplemented by standardised technological solutions for vehicle identification (i.e. as regards vehicle categorisation, emission class, character of emergency, load factor), would both contribute to the overall efficiency of traffic information and management in urban areas, including access regulation management and enforcement.
Compatible data formats, open and documented interfaces and protocols for transmission of relevant data, independently of their source (e.g. sensors, floating car data and traffic control centres), and their integration in current and future traffic information systems and traffic management operations, for various road networks including urban-interurban links need to be developed (i.e. worked out where necessary).
One of the main findings from the Prestudy Urban ITS is that there are a number of major gaps that will weaken the ability of Urban Administrations to implement urban ITS efficiently, and in some aspects, gaps may prevent its introduction unless faced and provided as a matter of urgency. There are, additionally, a number of highly desirable aspects that could much better assist Urban Administrations to implement Urban-ITS.
The objective of this study is to identify the standards and actions necessary to enable urban infrastructure coordination to support the deployment of Urban-ITS. In particular, the study will concentrate on what is relevant to the Urban ITS prestudy High Level Recommendation HLRj: Intelligent transport systems Traffic Management –– Data Models and interfaces:
The scope of the project is to produce a standard on Intelligent transport systems – Traffic Management Systems – TM Data Models defined as follows: